Transcripts

 

An Interview with Bruce Holland Rogers: Writing in Spite of It. 7/2/03



Legend:
Questions from the Audience are presented in red.
Answers by the Speaker are in black.
The Moderator's comments are in blue.

Bruce Holland Rogers

Yow! That's a hot microphone!

Mary Rosenblum

Yep, better be careful, Bruce!

 

Hello, all! Welcome to our professional connection. Scheduled a day early, since I have to be out of town!

 

Tonight, we're visiting with Bruce Holland Rogers, VERY prolific short story writer

 

and author of Word Word, an excellent book on writing and staying sane!

 

Something we could all use.

 

Bruce Holland Rogers is the author of over 100 short stories. His

 

non-fiction book Word Work: Surviving and Thriving as a Writer helps

 

writers to meet the psychological challenges of writing.

 

Bruce, welcome!

 

We're glad you're here!

Bruce Holland Rogers

Thanks, Mary. Good to be here.

Mary Rosenblum

I'm wondering Bruce...I know you as a SF and fantasy writer.

 

What other genres do you work in?

Bruce Holland Rogers

I'm all over the literary map, which can be something of a problem in marketing

 

my work to a single audience. I have published literary, horror, mystery, and romance fiction

 

in addition to the SF and fantasy you know me for.

Mary Rosenblum

Wow, that's quite a list!

Bruce Holland Rogers

Some genres are represented by more work that others, of course.

 

Not much romance.

Mary Rosenblum

I'm curious.

 

Do you write romance as a man or as a woman?

Bruce Holland Rogers

Ah. There's a story in that. I submitted a story to Woman's World

 

with a male PoV and my own byline. And the rejection letter was long and MADE NO SENSE.

 

and I tried to read between the lines. The magazine said that male PoV was okay

 

but I had never seen anywhere that they wanted male bylines. And I had never

 

seen a male byline in the magazine. So I changed the byline to Brenda Holland and

 

resubmitted. And had a check in a month. Nothing but the byline was different.

Mary Rosenblum

Ouch. I guess that's a lesson in the market!

 

So do you write often as Brenda?

Bruce Holland Rogers

It's a lesson in being flexible, too.

 

I have written only the one story as Brenda.

Mary Rosenblum

I'm chuckling, though.

 

Maybe I'll try switching genres next time I get a rejection.

Bruce Holland Rogers

Sometimes I don't know what genre I've written in until I see who buys the story.

Mary Rosenblum

Now this is an interesting topic. Just how DO you decide what your genre is?

 

Or your market, anyway?

Bruce Holland Rogers

I think what you read is your first clue to your preferred genre

 

but questions of market are a little trickier. I like to say that there are two strategies for

 

marketing: from the heart, or from the head. From the heart, you write what you love and then

 

look for a market. From the head, you identify the market and then write to it. Both work.

rupbert

Hi Bruce. How do you entice an editor in a query letter?

Bruce Holland Rogers

Rupbert, a query letter is a sales job. I'd say, though, that in writing fiction, the query letter

 

is only trying to entice the editor a little bit, just enough to say, "Sure, I'll look at some samples."

 

So the main message that I think you want to convey (and we're probably talking about a novel here, right?)

 

is: "I know what kind of book you publish, mine is that kind of book, and I have completed it."

 

For short fiction, you just send the story.

 

Non-fiction queries can often be much more detailed.

rupbert

How about magazine articles?

Bruce Holland Rogers

My experience is mostly in fiction or in book-length non-fiction, but my sense is that

 

with a magazine, you want to make clear that you read the magazine and that you KNOW that.

 

what you are proposing fits in with what that magazine publishes month after month.

 

And, of course, you make the topic interesting!

Mary Rosenblum

That's the key, of course!

 

So Bruce, I know that a lot of the students at Long Ridge

 

and the website regulars have a real problem with deadlines and just plain

 

getting words onto the screen.

 

Why do you think that is?

Bruce Holland Rogers

I think we get in our own way.

 

A big part of being blocked or just bogged down

 

relates to how much is at stake for us psychologically. We're doing the work of our hearts, we're

 

potentially exposing something of ourselves. We may be rejected, and not just by editors!

 

As I say in Word Work, one big part of the answer to many kinds of blocks is Atomization.

rupbert

There's a motivation mantra that we don't know about yet.

Bruce Holland Rogers

Rupbert, I'm not sure which thing you're referring to, so I'll say more about atomization.

 

Atomization is breaking time, word count, or ambition into smaller bits.

 

For instance, instead of sitting down to write six hours, I sometimes set a kitchen timer

 

and write for 15 minutes. It's less intimidating than six hours. And I never begin a novel or even

 

begin a chapter. Rather, I begin a page. Atomizing ambition means that rather than setting out

 

to write the Great American Novel (or Great Canadian Novel), you set out to write a so-so novel

 

that you can, draft by draft, make better...eventually great!

Mary Rosenblum

Bruce, I think these are some of the soundest words I've ever heard

 

because I know the idea of those 350 pages was utterly daunting when I first contemplated a novel

 

but page by page...what do you know? I got to the end!

gskearney

Baby steps being better than no steps at all.

Bruce Holland Rogers

Yes, and we never write more than a page at time, do we?

Mary Rosenblum

Well, I keep trying! :-)

Bruce Holland Rogers

Yes, gskearney. Baby steps on the page and off.

 

I was recently a guest writer at the Odyssey fantasy workshop in New Hampshire

 

where I was asked about "When the lightbulb went on" for me and I knew how to write

 

and I have to say that the lightbulb doesn't just come on. It glows dimly. You keep writing

 

and it gets brighter year by year. In this art, this craft, we are always learning. That's

 

one of the great things about it! Though it would be nice to achieve mastery and have it over with!

 

Doesn't work that way, though.

gerald

You offer a neat service on your website, a short story subscrition. I'm curious as to how this5i is being accepted. It looks exciting.

Bruce Holland Rogers

Gerald, my short-short story subscriptions at www.shortshortshort.com have 315 subscribers

 

as of today. (A new story is going out tonight.) I'm really pleased with the success of this

 

service. Since I write in a variety of genres, this is one place where I have an audience that comes

 

along whether I'm writing a western story, a mystery, SF, or a literary story. Or something weird

 

and experimental. The service brings me a modest (very!) income, and then I can still

 

publish the stories conventionally. Many of you may know that quite a few good literary magazines

 

don't have 315 subscribers, so while the service isn't a HUGE success, I feel good about having

 

a reliable readership for my newest stories, three times a month.

Mary Rosenblum

I have to say, Bruce, that your short story subscription REALLY intrigued me

 

since it seems to be something of a new market...the online anthology always in progress.

 

and I have two questions. First, do you promote it elsewhere besides your site?

 

And second,

 

don't you have problems with magazines that want to acquire e rights?

Bruce Holland Rogers

First answer: I promote the site in various ways. The oddest one is this. I go into the subway

 

here in Toronto, or some other public place, and I wear a sign that says "Local Writer Writing Locally. Read Free Samples.

 

And I work on my computer, since writing is portable and I like doing it in public places anyway.

 

Strangers come up and read my stories, and sometimes they walk away with a card about

 

the subscription service. And sometimes they tip me. :-) Seriously. And one time

 

a man who I think was under a religious vow of silence gave me a gift: a perfume sample in a vial!

 

More traditionally, I have started to get some reviews of the site, and at least one non-fiction writer

 

wants to write a feature story about it. That will be great publicity if it works out.

 

Second question:

 

E-rights...

 

If I haven't already established an editor's policy in this matter...

 

I query about submission, disclosing how many subscribers I have, that this is a paying service, etc.

 

And some editors don't want to look at the stories, considering them already published.

 

Others feel that 315 emails do not constitute competition for their readership, so those are the editors

 

to whom I choose to send my work.

Mary Rosenblum

Bruce this is one of the strangest and coolest promotions I have ever run into! I am laughing! I think you need to write a book about the 'subway anthology' myself!

Bruce Holland Rogers

I have done the subway thing here in Toronto

 

and in the Netherlands and in England. When I return to the U.S. in August, I expect to keep doing it. It's fun.

Mary Rosenblum

And I have had a question from the audience about 'erights'. Those are 'electronic rights'...the right to publish on the internet and on for example, CDs.

doodledorry

Are you serious--you wear a sign?

Bruce Holland Rogers

Yes, doodledorry, I wear a sign,

 

which is a good opportunity to say this about publicity:

 

It's best to do only the sorts of publicity that are fun to you. I like this kind of.

 

street theater. I like to write in public places. Not every day, but now and then.

 

And if I didn't like playing such public games as an artist, then such efforts would be

 

counterproductive. I wouldn't be having fun. I might even dread writing. So when it comes

 

to publicity, it's important to know yourself. And if there is no kind of publicity that you enjoy

 

then I think it's fine to decide that a publicity-driven career is not for you. Just write.

Mary Rosenblum

Do what works for you, in other words! I have to say that, while I write in public at times,

 

such as airport waiting rooms!, I hadn't really thought of it as promotion

 

but it's true that when I hear an interview with an author and I like that person

 

I'm more likely to buy her book, so if I talked to an author and she handed me a card

 

with a website address, or even a pub list, I'd be more likely to go seek her out.

Bruce Holland Rogers

Mary, if I were waiting for a plane and in the same waiting area was a novelist with a little sign and

 

a list of her titles, I'd likely talk to her. If the books were something that interested me, I'd be quite

 

likely to look for them the next time I was in a store. If she had one with her, I'd probably buy it!

 

And there's always the chance that the sheer audacity of her sitting in the airport

 

advertising her wares would bring other publicity. It's an interesting news story, I think,

 

the writer who writes between flights.

Mary Rosenblum

No kidding. So all of you out there with a pen and pad, or a laptop, keep this in mind! :-) IF you enjoy this kind of street theater. (I do, too, Bruce)

rupbert

LOL.The subway story is great! Plenty of characters there

 

What's one way you have improved descriptions?

Bruce Holland Rogers

Rupbert, I'd say that there are two main things I have learned about good descriptions.

 

The first is to stop and think about all five senses. Deliberately inventorying what a character

 

is experiencing in every sense might not always yield something you want to use for each sense,

 

but we do tend to emphasize some senses over others. Yet it may not be a sight or sound, but

 

a smell that gives the reader the emotional impact of a place. The other thing

 

is to think of description strategically. What is the logic of the order in which you are

 

presenting descriptive details? From left to right? Top to bottom? General to specific? Small to large?

 

If you think in terms of strategy like this, it helps you to clarify for yourself (and the for the reader)

 

what impression it is you're trying to convey through your description. That is, not just

 

the details, but the essence that the details add up to.

 

I had some good news today.

 

A magazine in Japan published a translation of my story, "The Dead Boy at Your Window",

 

which is my favorite story, the one that I hope will outlive me and be read years after I'm gone.

 

Unfortunately, they translated it without permission! So I'm happy, but want my money! :-)

Mary Rosenblum

Free PR! :-)

doodledorry

Please give us an example of inventorying the character's experience of a scene? I think I'm lost!

Bruce Holland Rogers

Doodledorry, what I mean by that is this:

 

Let's say that you have your character opening the door to the spooky cellar.

 

The character is going to sense the blackness of that cellar before deciding to step down into the gloom.

 

So the inventory is what you do as the author: What does character see? Hear? Feel? Taste? Smell?

 

You may not have an answer for "taste," for instance. But you ask the question anyway. That's

 

how you take an inventory. And maybe the character was just eating a hot dog. Maybe that's useful

 

to setting the scene, that the character licks the corners of his/her mouth and tastes mustard. Does

 

the cellar smell damp? Musty? Okay, but try to be more specific. Does it smell like rotten wood?

 

Wet stones? You ask these questions for each of the five senses, then pick those few details to

 

actually describe. You inventory for yourself, then give to the reader only those sensory details

 

that evoke this particular dark cellar. Make sense?

chatty lady

SMELLS LIKE NIGHT CRAWLERS AFTER A HEAVY RAIN.

rupbert

Congratulations on the Japanese 'publication!

Bruce Holland Rogers

Chatty Lady, the night crawlers are a great example! Very specific!

 

Thanks, Rupbert. I'm happy about it, and I will collect my yen eventually.

 

If any of you here want to try the short-shorts by email for a month.

Bruce Holland Rogers

I'll happily extend a trial subscription. Just write to me after the chat at bruce@sff.net. That's

 

one month free. Kind of like "Your first dose is free." J

doodledorry

Thank you--that is a great example.

Bruce Holland Rogers

Glad I could clarify, Doodledorry.

rachel

Why is writing so hard? Sometimes the words flow and sometimes they just don't...or they're ALL awful!

Bruce Holland Rogers

What's even worse, Rachel, is that often we can't tell when the words are awful.

 

That is, sometimes the words flow and are bad. Sometimes they feel awful and seem awful

Bruce Holland Rogers

and a week later we look at them again and realize that they work is pretty good. I think...

 

that we're so often poor judges of our own writing quality as we work that it's a good policy

 

to never quit for the day just because the writing feels sucky. Sometimes good stuff comes hard.

 

Sometimes the writing that feels brilliant...isn't. So being in the habit of writing anyway helps.

 

But you asked WHY?

 

So the answer to that question is: Because it matters to us. Because writing is

 

the work of our hearts. And that's a good sign. If it's always easy, that means you've run out

 

of creative challenges. In that case, your work is probably going to seem repetitive very soon.

Mary Rosenblum

Hear, hear!!! Applause applause! Bruce that's VERY wells put. I wish I had a penny for every word that felt AWFUL as I wrote it! But often, that word was part of my best work!

chatty lady

Thank you so much and I'm sure I speak for us all.

 

Whats harder for me is when you think they're really good and just can't seem to make your mark....get published.

Bruce Holland Rogers

Ah. Boy, do I know what you're talking about there, Chatty Lady...

 

I have been there, and in some ways I am still there when I write something

 

that I think is special, and I just can't find the right editor for it. One thing that consoles me

 

in such times, and I write about this in Word Work, is the "heart sufficient goals" that are, deep down,

 

the stuff that I'm REALLY writing for. A heart sufficient goal is one that you control, that you

 

know that you can reach by your own efforts, and it's something that would be worthwhile to achieve

 

even if you weren't published or weren't recognized or...whatever. So, for instance, just doing the

 

work of your heart, work that you love, writing that is about the things that matter to you

 

can be a heart-sufficient goal. Knowing what those goals are, having written them down, can be

 

consoling when a painful rejection comes. And they're almost all at least a little painful!

Mary Rosenblum

That's a very good idea, Bruce -- to write down you goal when you complete a story

 

so that you can remind yourself why you wrote it when the 'no thanks' arrives!

Bruce Holland Rogers

Goals of all sorts are very helpful.

 

Writing them down is one key.

 

Having several different kinds of overlapping goals is another key

 

(things you control, things that depend on others, likely things, pie-in-the-sky goals).

 

And the biggest key of all to setting goals

 

is to have a buddy to share them with, someone with whom

 

you review your past goals, celebrate ones you have achieved, officially let go of ones

 

that no longer matter to you, and set new goals based on what you want NOW.

rupbert

In your book, you describe relationships and writing. Is it

 

difficult if you are compatible with a non-writer?

Bruce Holland Rogers

Rupbert, each kind of relationship

 

writer with writer or writer with non-writer

 

has its own challenges.

 

A non-writer sometimes won't understand the particular oddball behaviors

 

that another writer will recognize and respect. "I'm writing!" "But you're just staring out the window!"

 

"Yes! That's writing!" is an example.

 

On the other hand, with two writers in one relationship…

 

Well, in the book, I say it's like a household where there's no adult supervision. :-)

janp

Bruce, what is your attraction to the short story vs. the novel?

Bruce Holland Rogers

Janp, I love them both.

 

But I must say that I find it especially seductive

 

to be able to finish a work in one day, or three days, or a week. (You never know with stories

 

which ones will come in a sitting and which will give you days of trouble.) But then again, with

 

stories, you're starting a new project, finishing, and having to start again. With a novel, you have

 

the security of waking up every day for weeks or months, knowing what you're going to work on!

 

So the main reason that I've written so many stories is probably that I've had an easier time

 

publishing my stories than my novels!

Mary Rosenblum

Now that's an honest assessment, Bruce! :-)

Bruce Holland Rogers

We all respond to reward!

diane2

I have an assignment and did 3 interviews for it, but now I can't seem to get past the brain block to write it - ideas?

gskearney

Do you create your website yourself, and how much time do you spend on it?

Mary Rosenblum

Sorry, Bruce.

 

Didn't mean to hit you with two questions a once!

Bruce Holland Rogers

That's okay. Diane2, getting that first draft down

 

is exactly the sort of thing that will respond to atomization. So here are two concrete suggestions

 

for you. The first is to tackle first sentences. Get a bunch of articles to help jog your ideas

 

about the various ways in which articles can be started. Then set out to write 10, yes, ten,

 

first sentences for your own article. Some might use the same strategy that you see in other

 

articles, or you may come up with your own ideas for a first sentence. Now, you are

 

atomizing the amount of writing by just concentrating on one sentence at a time, but you are also

 

atomizing ambition, because each sentence is just one of ten job candidates interviewing for the

 

job of first sentence. It's likely that before you have written all ten, you'll have one you like. (Write

 

ten anyway. You may find one you like even better.)

 

The other advice comes from a practice Calvin Trillin used to do. When he had all of his notes

 

together for an essay, he would write what he called the "vomit draft." This term refers to both

 

the manner of the writing and its quality. Just get it down! Even if it's awful. It's okay for the first

 

draft to suck. It often does! Or as I sometimes put it, "It doesn't have to be good. I has to be

 

done!"

 

Second question.

 

I do all of my own web site design. Nothing fancy. I just want it to be readable. And I don't

 

spend much time on it. Finishing another story will do more for me as a writer

 

than having a spiffy web site!

 

I hope I've answered the article-writing question with enough detail to be helpful!

Mary Rosenblum

I think most of us...myself included...could stand to write 'It doesn't have to be good. It has to be done!' on a banner and hang it over our desks!

Bruce Holland Rogers

I actually

 

had that as a sign on my computer at one time. At about the same time

 

I was writing a work-for-hire novel. So I had a sign about that project which said

 

"I am an angel in disguise writing a holy text in disguise."

 

My wife came into my office

 

looked at the sign

 

looked at me

 

looked again

 

and said, "Good disguise!"

Mary Rosenblum

By the way, I read Word Work all the way through...I wrote a blurb for it! And it is full of the kind of helpful and concrete advice that Bruce is offering here. It's available on Amazon.com, and in my opinion, it's worth the money. And I'm laughing at the holy text for hire!

 

I'll remember that!

 

Bruce, I'd like to talk a bit about you, if I may.

 

Is there a novel in your future?

Bruce Holland Rogers

At the moment

 

I'm working to get ahead of my deadlines

 

with the short-short stories so that I have a chunk of time

 

to devote to my long-time-in-progress novel, STEAM. I hope to finish that novel

 

later this year and get it into my agent's hands.

Mary Rosenblum

Is that a SF novel, Bruce?

Bruce Holland Rogers

No. For a variety of reasons, my agent and I have decided

 

that now would be a good time for me to emphasize the literary side of my identity.

Mary Rosenblum

AAAh...literary mainstream, huh?

Bruce Holland Rogers

Yes, but with fantastic elements. The novel

 

is partly set in an imaginary world, and it's a novel about manic depression and steam engines.

 

So call it literary fantasy, maybe?

Mary Rosenblum

ooo, spooky. Well, fantasy is definitely crossing over into literary. Yeah, I think literary fantasy works

 

better than magic realism!

Bruce Holland Rogers

I have an essay on the web called

 

"What Is Magical Realism, Really?"

 

I think the term gets thrown around quite loosely,

 

but it refers to a particular subset of literature. Or _could_, anyway, if the term weren't being applied

 

to anything that's a tad fantastic.

Mary Rosenblum

Drat. I didn't know. I did a Forum on it last Friday. So what is your definition?

Bruce Holland Rogers

Um, I'm tempted to say, "Look up the article!" :-)

 

But in essence, it depends on the operation of some real belief system. That is, MR is fantasy

 

that reflects someone's view of how the world Actually Is. That's the short version.

Mary Rosenblum

That's pretty much the same as my definition. :-) Just checking...

 

And I would have looked up the article...and will, now, thanks.

 

Missed it, I guess.

Bruce Holland Rogers

It appeared in Holly Lisle's magazine, Vision.

Mary Rosenblum

Ah. I'll see if I can search for it.

gerald

Did you do the illustrations for the web version of the story, "The Dead Boy at Your Window"? Do you often illustrate your printed work?

Bruce Holland Rogers

Gerald, I am a pretty sorry visual artist, so, no.

 

The illustrations for "Dead Boy" on the web are by Alan M. Clark, a World Fantasy Award winner.

Mary Rosenblum

I love Alan Clark's stuff.

Bruce Holland Rogers

He's a great human being, too.

Mary Rosenblum

He illustrated one of my stories, too. An Asimov piece.

Bruce Holland Rogers

Alan is

 

my emergency writing crisis backup resource. That is

 

when I am living in Eugene, where Alan also lives, if I am having a really bad

 

writing day, just can't get going, I can go to his house and write at his kitchen table

 

while Alan paints in his studio. Just the fact of sharing space with another artist

 

(one who will say at the end of the day, "So what did you work on?") can be energizing

 

and encouraging. Writers can cultivate such friendships

 

with artists of all sorts. Just a matter of finding the right, like-minded soul. :-)

Mary Rosenblum

Good advice...although not everyone has an artist neighbor. So are you moving back to Eugene one of these days?

Bruce Holland Rogers

Holly and I will return to the west coast (and the U.S.) at the end of this month.

Mary Rosenblum

Great!

chatty lady

Do you think being published in a reputable magazine is o.k. even when all they offer is exposure and several free copies, saying it will help you get recognized?

Bruce Holland Rogers

Chatty Lady, that is a really good question

 

and it's one where I would come down in a different place from, say, Mike Resnick

 

who says: If you publish for less than professional rates, you aren't being professional. My own

 

perspective is that no one knows better than you

 

what your needs are, what will keep you going as a writer. I will say that usually

 

when someone touts the great exposure you will get, they're generally exaggerating. Some, anyway.

 

But there's exposure. There's money. There’s prestige. There's the question of whether or not

 

you feel "real" as a writer if you're hitting your head against the wall and not seeing your work in

 

print. So really, it's your call to make. And I don't think there is any wrong answer.

lochnessmummy

It seems like a support group is pretty important.

rupbert

It's hard to find those souls:)

Mary Rosenblum

Any suggestions, Bruce?

Bruce Holland Rogers

Well, LochNessMummy, it is important that you get a sense of support from somewhere

 

and as social animals, humans usually get that sense from other humans. And, Rupbert, it is

 

true that just the right people can be hard to find. But they don't have to be writers.

 

They can be other people who value art, or who value pursuing your own dream. We've spoken

 

about Alan M. Clark, and Alan frequently starts up groups of people, creative folks of different sorts,

 

who come together once a week and do a sort of show-and-tell. It's not like a critique

 

group, it's more of just spending a couple hours sharing what we've been working on. Writers

 

read manuscript pages aloud. Painters show their paintings. Musicians play new songs. And we

 

are all free to ask questions that are appreciative, such as, "How did you come up with that idea?"

 

Unless you're living on a very small island

Bruce Holland Rogers

or in Nunavut, Canada...

Bruce Holland Rogers

you can probably

Bruce Holland Rogers

find some group of like-minded people who can emotionally support your ambitions.

Mary Rosenblum

Good advice! And

 

we're getting to the end of

 

our time. I have a last question here.

doodledorry

I like the way you have described many ways to unblock the block--any more ideas?

Bruce Holland Rogers

Doodledorry, believe it or not (and depending on your personality)

 

sometimes the best thing for a blocked writer is a deadline! So one thing to experiment with

 

is making an agreement that by a certain time, you will read aloud from your finished work. Now,

 

this is one of those things that works for some writers and is disaster for others. So try it out!

gskearney

Do you always try to finish what you're working on, or do you sometimes put down one project and pick up another when you're blocked?

Bruce Holland Rogers

Aha! GSKearney, you are touching upon

 

the various procrastination styles

 

that I write about in Word Work. Putting one thing down to work on another

 

is often related to the "tactician" style of procrastination. And, yes, I do it! It's my weakness, and

 

I'm working on the habit of limiting how many things I am allowed to have on the "back burner." On

 

the other hand, this style can sometimes WORK for you if you do always get back to the thing

 

that you put down to work on something else. Sometimes, if it feels like playing hooky, you'll get a lot

 

done on project B for avoiding project A, and maybe have more fun than if you had just set out to

 

work on B!

gskearney

Thanks, Bruce, this was a great forum. I've learned several things that will be helpful to me. --gk

janp

What are your thoughts on contests? Selective ones.

Bruce Holland Rogers

JanP, the short answer is that contests can be worthwhile, but I strongly favor ones that either don't charge

 

an entrance fee, or else offer so much recognition that you just can't resist. In general

Bruce Holland Rogers

contests don't offer a whole lot more than ordinary publication. (There are exceptions.) So

Bruce Holland Rogers

you might as well go the route that doesn't charge reading fees!

lochnessmumm

Thank you both very much. This has been immensely helpful

doodledorry

Great thank you for all of your helpful ideas.

chatty lady

One thing you are is an excellent typist, fast and no errors. I salute you!

Bruce Holland Rogers

Thank you all!

Mary Rosenblum

Bruce, thank you so much for coming, tonight!

Bruce Holland Rogers

My pleasure.

Mary Rosenblum

This has been very informative, and I hope you'll come back again!

doodledorry

Great thank you for all of your helpful ideas

Mary Rosenblum

I think you were a big hit, Bruce!

Bruce Holland Rogers

I'd love to, Mary. Thanks for having me. Good night, everyone!

Mary Rosenblum

Good night!

 

Looking forward to seeing you back in OR.

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